Zira

Culinary file:

Cumin — one-two-year spicy herbaceous plant whose seeds, whole or comminuted, are used in the cooking of the Middle East, Central and Southeast Asia, the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. The plant is only found in the wild: the seeds have poor germination and grow their «greenhouse» unprofitable. Therefore, cumin is an expensive and rather rare in Europe and America spiciness.
Zira outwardly similar to cumin, but its dried seeds have a dark color and distinct from cumin seeds smell and taste. The smell of cumin a strong close to the nutty, taste bitter, pungent, sweet or resin-smoked notes. Flavor spices enhanced by grinding or roasting seeds.
Indian, Kyrgyz, Armenian, Uzbek pilaf is not without cumin. However, Zira — mandatory oriental spices not only for pilaf, but also for meat in general (cold appetizers, soups, hot dishes). Spice subtly accentuates the taste combination of meat and vegetables used in marinades and sauces for lamb, beef, pork, etc., The stuffing for sausages, at least — in baking. In Thai cuisine cumin is also added to dishes with chicken and seafood.
Lay cumin usually at the beginning of cooking: this spice makes the meat more tender and soft.
Cumin is part of the diverse composition of spicy mixes «garam masala» and «curry», combines well with red peppers, barberry, turmeric, coriander, black peppercorns, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, chili, saffron, fennel, lemon sorghum, ginger.

Application for medicinal purposes:

Zira firming effect on the gastrointestinal tract, stimulates appetite, cleanses the body of toxins, helps with flatulence, metabolic disorders, constipation, tumors, diseases of the spleen, amnesia, insomnia, respiratory diseases, hardhealed wounds.
Cumin seeds are used as a diuretic and antiseptic. Weak tea based on cumin improves the health of children.
Cumin — both male and female spice. It helps to deal with BPH, toxemia in the first months of pregnancy, increases milk in nursing mothers. Excessive consumption of cumin is harmful to the lungs and can cause an unhealthy yellowish skin.

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